Vol. 77

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues
2017-08-21

Electromagnetic Spin Current Density of Surface Plasmon Polaritons

By Shi Yao Chong and Katus Maski
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 77, 57-68, 2017
doi:10.2528/PIERC17061901

Abstract

A subject of plasmonic spinphotonics is developed for surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs). Since an electromagnetic field is a vectorial field, it has spinning angular momentum, and thus spin current is one of its degrees of freedom. A spin current density tensor has 24 independent components because of its antisymmetry in coordinate indices. By using the law of conservation of electromagnetic angular momentum (i.e., orbital angular momentum plus spinning angular momentum), the electromagnetic spin current density tensor is derived, and its characteristics are indicated. Since surface plasmon polaritons can exhibit various intriguing optical and electromagnetic effects and have many practical applications, we consider a new potential effect relevant to spin current transfer. The electromagnetic spin current density tensor and its intensity profile are analyzed for SPPs sustained on a metal-dielectric interface. The plasmonic spin on a metal ring and a straight thin metal belt is calculated, and based on this, a nanomechanical effect caused by plasmonic spin current transfer is suggested. It is expected that such a nontrivial nanomechanical effect will be useful in the design of new nanophotonic devices aiming at sensitive, accurate measurement techniques.

Citation


Shi Yao Chong and Katus Maski, "Electromagnetic Spin Current Density of Surface Plasmon Polaritons," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 77, 57-68, 2017.
doi:10.2528/PIERC17061901
http://jpier.org/PIERC/pier.php?paper=17061901

References


    1. Ritchie, R. H., "Plasma losses by fast electrons in thin films," Phys. Rev., Vol. 1, No. 5, 874-881, 1957.
    doi:10.1103/PhysRev.106.874

    2. Vieu, C., F. Carcenac, A. Pepin, Y. Chen, M. Mejias, A. Lebib, L. Manin-Ferlazzo, L. Couraud, and H. Launois, "Electron beam lithography: resolution limits and applications," Appl. Surf. Sci., Vol. 164, No. 4, 111-117, 2000.
    doi:10.1016/S0169-4332(00)00352-4

    3. Chen, Y., et al., "Plasma assisted molecular beam epitaxy of ZnO on c-plane sapphire: growth and characterization," J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 84, No. 7, 3912-3918, 1998.
    doi:10.1063/1.368595

    4. Giannuzzi, L. A. and F. A. Stevie, Introduction to Focused Ion Beams: Instrumentation, Theory, Techniques and Practice, Springer, Berlin, 2005.
    doi:10.1007/b101190

    5. Zayats, A. V., I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. A.Maradudin, "Nano-optics of surface plasmon polaritons," Phys. Rep., Vol. 408, No. 3, 131-314, 2005.
    doi:10.1016/j.physrep.2004.11.001

    6. Pitarke, J. M., V. M. Silkin, E. V. Chulkov, and P. M. Echenique, "Theory of surface plasmons and surface-plasmon polaritons," Rep. Prog. Phys., Vol. 70, No. 1, 1-87, 2007.
    doi:10.1088/0034-4885/70/1/R01

    7. Fang, N., H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens," Science, Vol. 308, No. 5721, 534-537, 2005.
    doi:10.1126/science.1108759

    8. Fleischmann, M., P. J. Hendra, and A. J. Mcquillan, "Raman spectra of pyridine adsorbed at a silver electrode," Chem. Phys. Lett., Vol. 26, No. 2, 163-166, 1974.
    doi:10.1016/0009-2614(74)85388-1

    9. Jeanmaire, D. L. and R. P. V. Duyne, "Surface raman spectroelectrochemistry: Part I. Heterocyclic, aromatic, and aliphatic amines adsorbed on the anodized silver electrode," J. Electroanal. Chem. Interfac., Vol. 84, No. 1, 1-20, 1977.
    doi:10.1016/S0022-0728(77)80224-6

    10. Homola, J., S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review," Sens. Actuators, B, Vol. 54, No. 2, 3-15, 1999.
    doi:10.1016/S0925-4005(98)00321-9

    11. Frey, H. G., S. Witt, K. Felderer, and R. Guckenberger, "High-resolution imaging of single fluorescent molecules with the optical near-field of a metal tip," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 93, No. 20, 200801, 2004.
    doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.200801

    12. Tang, L., S. E. Kocabas, S. Latif, A. K. Okyay, D. S. Lygagnon, K. C. Saraswat, and D. A. B. Miller, "Nanometre-scale germanium photodetector enhanced by a near-infrared dipole antenna," Nature Photon., Vol. 2, No. 4, 226-229, 2008.
    doi:10.1038/nphoton.2008.30

    13. Bozhevolnyi, S. I., V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators," Nature, Vol. 440, No. 7083, 508, 2006.
    doi:10.1038/nature04594

    14. Gu, B. Y., "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics: principles and novel effects," Physics (WuLi, Beijing), Vol. 36, No. 4, 280-287, 2007.

    15. Maekawa, S., H. Adachi, K. Uchida, J. I. Ieda, and E. Saitoh, "Spin current: experimental and theoretical aspects," J. Phys. Soc. Jpn., Vol. 82, No. 10, 102002, 2013.
    doi:10.7566/JPSJ.82.102002

    16. Shen, S. Q., "Spintronics and spin current," Physics (WuLi, Beijing), Vol. 37, No. 1, 16-23, 2008.

    17. Maier, S. A., Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications, Chapt. 2 and 5, Springer, Berlin, 2007.
    doi:10.1007/0-387-37825-1

    18. Bjorken, J. D. and S. D. Drell, Relativistic Quantum Fields, Chapt. 14, Mcgraw-Hill Companies, Inc., New York, 1965.

    19. Guidry, M., Gauge Field Theories: An Introduction with Applications, Wiley, New York, 1992.

    20. Injeyan, H. and G. D. Goodno, High-Power Laser Handbook, Chapt. 15, 445, McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., New York, 2011.

    21. Shen, J. Q., M. Norgren, and S. He, "Negative refraction and quantum vacuum effects in gyroelectric chiral medium and anisotropic magnetoelectric material," Ann. Phys., Vol. 15, No. 12, 894-910, 2006.
    doi:10.1002/andp.200510219

    22. Shen, J. Q., "Momentum transfer between quantum vacuum and anisotropic medium," Prog. Theor. Phys. (Japan), Vol. 119, No. 3, 351-360, 2008.
    doi:10.1143/PTP.119.351

    23. Shapere, A. and F. Wilczek, "Classical time crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 109, No. 16, 160402, 2012.
    doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.160402

    24. Zhao, L., "Strange Lagrangian systems and statistical mechanics," J. Phys. A, Vol. 46, No. 46, 493-494, 2013.

    25. Chernodub, M. N., "Permanently rotating devices: extracting rotation from quantum vacuum fluctuations,", arXiv: 1203.6588 [quant-ph].