Vol. 68

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues
2016-10-21

Design and Analysis of a Frequency Reconfigurable Microstrip Patch Antenna Switching Between Four Frequency Bands

By Isra Nazir, Inam Elahi Rana, Noor Ul Ain Mir, and Kanwal Afreen
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 68, 179-191, 2016
doi:10.2528/PIERC16052405

Abstract

An effective design of a novel, compact, single feed, dual patch frequency reconfigurable Microstrip Patch Antenna (MPA) for wireless communication systems is proposed and studied in this paper. Fundamental structure of the antenna consists of a rectangular patch and a U-shaped patch. This antenna occupies a compact volume of 86.3 mm × 50 mm × 1.5875 mm (6850.6 mm3) including ground plane. Switching among four different frequencies is obtained by varying effective length of antenna. Effective length is changed by placing three PIN diodes at different positions in the slot present between two patches of the antenna. Variations in effective length perturb the surface current paths and hence change current density on the conducting patches. By changing states of PIN diodes, the proposed antenna could be switched to 1.87 GHz, 3.55 GHz, 3.67 GHz and 5.6 GHz frequencies. Antenna is simulated in High Frequency Structure Simulator (HFSS) Version 13.0, and a prototype of the simulated antenna with DC biasing circuit is fabricated on a flame retardant (FR-4) Epoxy substrate. The antenna is fed by an inset microstrip line which provides impedance matching. The prototype is tested for its performance analysis. A good agreement is obtained between measured and simulated results. Simulated and measured results show that the antenna provides return loss less than -10 dB assuring good match in absence of any matching network at all frequencies. Effect of changing the position of PIN diodes on resonance frequencies is also studied. The proposed antenna provides benefits such as multifunction operation and symmetry of radiation pattern upon switching between different frequencies.

Citation


Isra Nazir, Inam Elahi Rana, Noor Ul Ain Mir, and Kanwal Afreen, "Design and Analysis of a Frequency Reconfigurable Microstrip Patch Antenna Switching Between Four Frequency Bands," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 68, 179-191, 2016.
doi:10.2528/PIERC16052405
http://jpier.org/PIERC/pier.php?paper=16052405

References


    1. Nguyen, V.-A., et al., "A compact tunable internal antenna for personal communication handsets," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 7, 569-572, 2008.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2008.2001918

    2. Mo, L. and C. Qin, "Tunable compact UHF RFID metal tag based on CPW open stub feed PIFA antenna," International Journal of Antenna and Propagation, 2012.

    3. Majid, H. A., et al., "Frequency reconfigurable microstrip patch-slot antenna with directional radiation pattern," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 144, 319-328, 2014.
    doi:10.2528/PIER13102901

    4. Bilgi, M. M. and K. Yegin, "Polarization reconfigurable patch antenna for wireless sensor network applications," International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, Vol. 2013, 2013.

    5. Monti, G., L. Corchia, and L. Tarricone, "Patch antenna with reconfigurable polarization," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 9, 13-23, 2009.
    doi:10.2528/PIERC09061505

    6. Yang, X.-X., et al., "A polarization reconfigurable patch antenna with loop slots on the ground plane," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 11, 69-72, 2012.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2011.2182595

    7. Donelli, M., et al., "A planar electronically reconfigurable Wi-Fi band antenna based on a parasitic microstrip structure," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 6, 623-626, 2007.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2007.913274

    8. Kang, W. S., J. A. Park, and Y. J. Yoon, "Simple reconfigurable antenna with radiation pattern," Electronics Letters, Vol. 44, 182-183, 2008.
    doi:10.1049/el:20082994

    9. Ou Yang, J., "A novel radiation pattern and frequency reconfigurable microstrip antenna on a thin substrate for wide-band and wide-angle scanning application," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 4, 167-172, 2008.
    doi:10.2528/PIERL08101201

    10. Lai, M. I., et al., "Design of reconfigurable antennas based on an L-shaped slot and PIN diodes for compact wireless devices," IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, Vol. 3, No. 1, 47-54, 2009.
    doi:10.1049/iet-map:20080049

    11. Ramli, N., et al., "Aperture-coupled frequency-reconfigurable stacked patch microstrip antenna (FRSPMA) integrated with PIN diode switch," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 39, 237-254, 2013.
    doi:10.2528/PIERC13022502

    12. Wang, Y., et al., "A frequency reconfigurable microstrip antenna based on substrate," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 63, No. 2, 770-775, 2015.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2014.2378275

    13. Goldflam, M. D., et al., "Reconfigurable gradient index using VO2 memory metamaterials," Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 99, No. 4, 044103, 2011.
    doi:10.1063/1.3615804

    14. Zhu, H., S. W. Cheung, and T. I. Yuk, "Antenna reconfiguration using metasurfaces," PIERS Proceedings, 2400-2404, Guangzhou, China, August 25–28, 2014.

    15. Ghanem, F., P. S. Hall, and J. R. Kelly, "Two port frequency reconfigurable antenna for cognitive radios," Electronics Letters, Vol. 45, No. 11, 534-536, 2009.
    doi:10.1049/el.2009.0935

    16. Besoli, A. G. and F. De Flaviis, "A multifunctional reconfigurable pixeled antenna using MEMS technology on printed circuit board," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 59, No. 12, 4413-4424, 2011.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2011.2165470

    17. Hussain, R. and M. S. Sharawi, "Planar meandered-F-shaped 4-element reconfigurable multipleinput multiple-output antenna system with isolation enhancement for cognitive radio platforms," IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, Vol. 10, No. 1, 45-52, 2016.
    doi:10.1049/iet-map.2015.0139

    18. Ramadan, A. H., et al., "A reconfigurable U-Koch microstrip antenna for wireless applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 93, 355-367, 2009.
    doi:10.2528/PIER09050605

    19. Kalteh, A. A., et al., "Ultra-wideband circular slot antenna with reconfigurable notch band function," IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, Vol. 6, No. 1, 108-112, 2012.
    doi:10.1049/iet-map.2011.0125

    20. Majid, H. A., et al., "A compact frequency-reconfigurable narrowband microstrip slot antenna," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 11, 616-619, 2012.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2012.2202869

    21. Behdad, N. and K. Sarabandi, "A varactor-tuned dual-band slot antenna," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 54, No. 2, 401-408, 2006.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2005.863373

    22. Cetiner, B. A., et al., "RF MEMS integrated frequency reconfigurable annular slot antenna," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 58, No. 3, 626-632, 2010.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2009.2039300

    23. Qin, P.-Y., A. R. Weily, Y. J. Guo, T. S. Bird, and C.-H. Liang, "Frequency reconfigurable quasiyagi folded dipole antenna," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 58, No. 8, 4742-4747, 2010.

    24. Tawk, Y., et al., "Optically pumped frequency reconfigurable antenna design," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 9, 280-283, 2010.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2010.2047373

    25. Monti, G., L. Corchia, and L. Tarricone, "Patch antenna with reconfigurable polarization," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 9, 13-23, 2009.
    doi:10.2528/PIERC09061505

    26. Panagamuwa, C. J., A. Chauraya, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, "Frequency and beam reconfigurable antenna using photoconducting switches," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 54, No. 2, 449-454, 2006.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2005.863393