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Hypothesis of Natural Radar Tracking and Communication Direction Finding Systems Affecting Hornets Flight

By Jacob Gavan and Jacob Ishay
Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 34, 299-312, 2001


The hypothesis of a natural sophisticated RADAR tracking system affecting hornets flight was described, analyzed and developed in previous papers [1, 2] considering their (cuticle) skin complex spike elements arrays shown by electronic microscope pictures. The existence of different spike length arrays and their disposition lead, by analogy with antenna, and radio theory and practice, to the hypothesis of transmitting and receiving phased arrays antennae operating at three different wavelengths in the sub-millimetric bands. The natural photo-and piezo electric generation of energy in the hornets reported previously explain how is generated the Radio Frequency (RF) energy required for the operation of the sub-millimeter wavelength natural RADAR system. However, similar to bats, new computation results show that the operation range of hornets RADAR system is limited to less than 100 m. Recently, investigations have shown that also in the hornet two antennae are located hundreds of spikes which may radiate and detect significant radio energy from their internal photo electric sources and piezoelectric effect. Thus, the existence of three separate sources of radiation and detection enable the application of Direction Finding (DF) communication additional hypothesis. The DF concept can contribute to explain how male hornets track the queens and how workers can be guided to theirnest even forop eration distances up to a few kms. It is possible that the results of the proposed investigations will provide tools to improve real tracking and DF systems performances especially in the yet not sufficiently explored submillimeter wavelength ranges and to find applications to this novel hornet property. Soon will be published results and analysis of experiments contributing to prove this fascinating hypothesis.


Jacob Gavan and Jacob Ishay, "Hypothesis of Natural Radar Tracking and Communication Direction Finding Systems Affecting Hornets Flight," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 34, 299-312, 2001.


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