Vol. 111

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues

Study on the Propagation Characteristics of Gold-Silver Hybrid Chain Nanostructures

By Shenxiang Yang, Dan Zhang, Huiwen Chen, Shuo Wang, and Chun-Ping Chen
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 111, 119-131, 2022


In this paper, the transport characteristics of gold/silver mixed chain nanostructures with different proportions of infinite length in the range of 270-810 nm are studied, and the corresponding band gap characteristics and other transport characteristics are analyzed. We introduced an analytical model to determine the complex dielectric constant of an arbitrary composition Au-Ag alloy, and combined this with the experimental data to study the propagation characteristics of the infinite-length gold-silver mixed-chain nanostructures with various compositions. As the gold content exceeds Au:Ag(1:2), the coupling coefficient between the forward and reverse waves becomes smaller, and the reverse wave cannot provide enough energy to transfer to the forward wave. The scattering ability of the scattering unit weakens, the frequency range of the propagation state widens, and it exhibits good propagation characteristics. By gradually increasing the proportion of metal in the alloy, we can explore the variation of the propagation characteristics of the alloy. At present, the change of metal propagation characteristics has not been studied from this point at home and abroad, so we found for the first time that frequency modulation can be realized through this method (regulating the attenuation or cutoff frequency range, namely the band gap range). We also studied a cylindrical finite array chain composed of 40 nanorods under five types of experimental data and discussed the wave guiding ability of the finite array chain under the excitation of a plane wave of a specific wavelength.


Shenxiang Yang, Dan Zhang, Huiwen Chen, Shuo Wang, and Chun-Ping Chen, "Study on the Propagation Characteristics of Gold-Silver Hybrid Chain Nanostructures," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 111, 119-131, 2022.


    1. Twersky, V., "On scattering of waves by the infinite grating of circular cylinders," I.R.E. Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 10, No. 6, 737-765, 1962.

    2. Krenn, J. R., et al., "Non diffraction-limited light transport by gold nanowires," Europhysics Letters, Vol. 60, No. 5, 663-669, 2002.

    3. Zhang, D. and J. Zhu, "Bi-directional propagation leaky modes in a periodic chain of dielectric circular rods," Optics Express, Vol. 26, No. 7, 8690-8698, 2018.

    4. Poushimin, R. and T. Jalali, "Radiation losses in photonic crystal slab waveguide to enhance LEDs efficiency," Superlattices and Microstructures, Vol. 122, 426-433, 2018.

    5. Zhang, D., V. Jandieri, and K. Yasumoto, "Modal analysis of wave guidance by a periodic chain of circular rods," 2016 Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS), Shanghai, China, Aug. 8-11, 2016.

    6. Benisty, H., "Modal analysis of optical guides with two-dimensional photonic band-gap boundaries," Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 79, No. 10, 7483-7492, 1996.

    7. Yasumoto, K., H. Jia, and K. Sun, "Rigorous modal analysis of two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides," Radio Science, Vol. 40, No. 6, 2005.

    8. Xu, Y., R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, "Adiabatic coupling between conventional dielectric waveguides and waveguides with discrete translational symmetry," Optics Letters, Vol. 25, No. 10, 755-757, 2000.

    9. Happ, T. D., M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, "Photonic crystal tapers for ultracompact mode conversion," Optics Letters, Vol. 26, No. 14, 1102-1104, 2001.

    10. Talneau, A., P. Lalanne, M. Agio, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Low-reflection photonic-crystal taper for efficient coupling between guide sections of arbitrary widths," Optics Letters, Vol. 27, No. 17, 1522-1524, 2002.

    11. Zong, C., D. Zhang, Z. Ding, and Y. Liu, "Mixed propagation modes in three bragg propagation periods of variable chain structures," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 68, No. 1, 311-318, 2020.

    12. Zong, C. and D. Zhang, "Analysis of propagation characteristics along an array of silver nanorods using dielectric constants from experimental data and the Drude-Lorentz model," Electronics, Vol. 8, No. 11, 2019.

    13. Klimonsky, S., et al., "Photonic and plasmonic effects in inverse opal films with Au nanoparticles," Photonics and Nanostructures-Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 43, 2021.

    14. Mu, Y., et al., "Sensing characteristics of the Gold-Silver alloy nanoparticles assembled waveguided metallic photonic crystals," Rare Metal Materials and Engineering, Vol. 48, No. 9, 2879-2884, 2019.

    15. Yasli, A. and H. Ademgil, "Effect of plasmonic materials on photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensors," Modern Physics Letters B, Vol. 33, No. 13, 2019.

    16. Djavid, M. and M. S. Abrishamian, "Multi-channel drop filters using photonic crystal ring resonators," Optik, Vol. 123, No. 2, 167-170, 2012.

    17. Feng, S. and Y. Wang, "Unidirectional wavelength filtering characteristics of the two-dimensional triangular-lattice photonic crystal structures with elliptical defects," Optical Materials, Vol. 35, No. 12, 2166-2170, 2013.

    18. Shi, L., et al., "Low threshold photonic crystal laser based on a Rhodamine dye doped high gain polymer," Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 18, No. 7, 5306-5315, 2016.

    19. Takiguchi, M., et al., "Systematic study of thresholdless oscillation in high-buried multiple-quantum-well photonic crystal nanocavity lasers," Optics Express, Vol. 24, No. 4, 3441, 2016.

    20. Weng, G., et al., "Low threshold continuous-wave lasing of yellow-green InGaN-QD vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Optics Express, Vol. 24, No. 14, 15546-15553, 2016.

    21. Zhang, T., C. Zhou, W. Wang, and J. Chen, "Generation of low-threshold optofluidic lasers in a stable Fabry-Perot microcavity," Optics and Laser Technology, Vol. 91, 108-111, 2017.

    22. Rahbarihagh, Y., F. Kalhor, J. Rashed-Mohassel, and M. Shahabadi, "Modal analysis for a waveguide of nanorods using the field computation for a chain of finite length," Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society Journal, Vol. 29, No. 2, 140-148, 2014.

    23. Rioux, D., et al., "An analytic model for the dielectric function of Au, Ag, and their alloys," Advanced Optical Materials, Vol. 2, No. 2, 176-182, 2014.

    24. Jia, H. T., D. Zhang, and K. Yasumoto, "Fast analysis of optical waveguides using an improved fourier series method with perfectly matched layer," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, Vol. 46, No. 3, 263-268, 2005.

    25. Zhang, D. and H. Jia, "Numerical analysis of leaky modes in two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides using Fourier series expansion method with perfectly matched layer," IEICE Trans. Electron., Vol. 90, 613-622, 2007.

    26. Barnes, W. L., A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature, Vol. 424, No. 6950, 824-830, 2003.

    27. Wuenschell, J. and H. K. Kim, "Excitation and propagation of surface plasmons in a metallic nanoslit structure," IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, Vol. 7, No. 2, 229-236, 2008.

    28. Li, L. F., "Use of Fourier series in the analysis of discontinuous periodic structures," Journal of the Optical Society of America A --- Optics Image Science and Vision, Vol. 13, No. 9, 1996.