Vol. 90

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues

A Low Profile Quadruple-Band Polarization Insensitive Metamaterial Absorber

By Ting Wu, Yan-Ming Ma, Juan Chen, and Li-Li Wang
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 90, 69-79, 2020


In this paper, a quadruple-band metamaterial polarization-insensitive absorber with low profile is proposed. The proposed unit cell is composed of three conformal modified rings with square patches at corners. 10*10 periodic unit cells constitute the proposed metamaterial absorber. The absorber offers low profile, and overall dimensions are 100 mm*100 mm. The surface current distribution and equivalent circuit model are presented to explain the mechanism. The proposed structure is fabricated, and experiments are carried out to validate the design principle. The simulated and measured results show that the proposed structure exhibites four absorption peaks of 98.87%, 95.11%, 93.97%, and 99.99% under normal incidence at 8.16-8.29 GHz, 10.275-10.38 GHz, 14.255-14.38 GHz, and 15.465-15.7 GHz which cover X- and Ku-bands, respectively. The designed structure is exactly symmetrical which makes it insensitive to polarization angle variations. Furthermore, the four operating bands of the absorber can be adjusted independently which makes the design suitable for absorbing electromagnetic energy and reducing the radar cross-section (RCS) of target.


Ting Wu, Yan-Ming Ma, Juan Chen, and Li-Li Wang, "A Low Profile Quadruple-Band Polarization Insensitive Metamaterial Absorber," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 90, 69-79, 2020.


    1. Furkan, D., K. Muharrem, U. Emin, D. Kemal, and S. Cumali, "Design of polarization and incident angle insensitive dual-band metamaterial absorber based on isotropic resonator," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 144, 123-132, 2014.

    2. Landy, N. and D. R. Smith, "A full-parameter unidirectional metamaterial cloak for microwaves," Nature Materials, Vol. 12, No. 1, 25-28, 2013.

    3. Savin, A., R. Steigmann, A. Bruma, and R. Sturm, "An electromagnetic sensor with a metamaterials lens for nondestructive evaluation of composite materials," Sensors, Vol. 15, No. 7, 15903-15920, 2015.

    4. Lin, X. Q., T. J. Cui, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, Q. Cheng, and R. Liu, "Controlling electromagnetic waves using tunable gradient dielectric metamaterial lens," Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 92, No. 13, 131904, 2008.

    5. Yao, G., F. Ling, J. Yue, C. Luo, J. Ji, and J. Yao, "Dual-band tunable perfect metamaterial absorber in the THz range," Optics Express, Vol. 24, No. 2, 1518-1527, 2016.

    6. Bian, B., et al., "Novel triple-band polarization-insensitive wide-angle ultra-thin microwave metamaterial absorber," Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 114, No. 19, 194511, 2013.

    7. Zhang, H. F., X. L. Tian, G. B. Liu, and X. R. Kong, "A gravity tailored broadband metamaterial absorber containing liquid dielectrics," IEEE Access, Vol. 7, 25827-25835, 2019.

    8. Wang, G.-D., J.-F. Chen, X.-W. Hu, Z.-Q. Chen, and M.-H. Liu, "Polarization-insensitive triple-band microwave metamaterial absorber based on rotated square rings," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 145, 175-183, 2014.

    9. Landy, N. I., S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, "Perfect metamaterial absorber," Physical Review Letters, Vol. 100, No. 20, 207402, 2008.

    10. Akhlaghi, M. K., E. Schelew, and J. F. Young, "Commun waveguide integrated superconducting single-photon detectors implemented as near-perfect absorbers of coherent radiation," Nature Communications, Vol. 6, 8233, 2015.

    11. Wang, H., V. Prasad Sivan, A. Mitchell, G. Rosengarten, P. Phelan, and L. Wang, "Highly efficient selective metamaterial absorber for high-temperature solar thermal energy harvesting," Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 137, 235-242, 2015.

    12. Rufangura, P., C. Sabah, and J. Alloys Compd, "Wide-band polarization independent perfect metamaterial absorber based on concentric rings topology for solar cells application," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 680, 473-479, 2016.

    13. Ghosh, S., S. Bhattacharyya, D. Chaurasiya, and K. V. Srivastava, "Polarization-insensitive and wide-angle multilayer metamaterial absorbers with variable bandwidths," Electronics Letters, Vol. 51, 1050-1052, 2015.

    14. Wang, B., S. Liu, B. Bian, Z. Mao, X. Liu, B. Ma, and L. Chen, "A novel ultrathin and broadband microwave metamaterial absorber," Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 116, 094504, 2014.

    15. Ghosh, S., S. Bhattacharyya, and K. V. Srivastava, "Bandwidth-enhancement of an ultra-thin polarization insensitive absorber," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, Vol. 56, 350-355, 2014.

    16. Bhattacharyya, S., S. Ghosh, and K. V. Srivastava, "Triple band polarization-independent metamaterial absorber with bandwidth enhancement at X-band," Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 114, 094514, 2013.

    17. Ghosh, S., S. Bhattacharyya, Y. Kaiprath, and K. V. Srivastava, "Band-width-enhanced polarization-insensitive microwave metamaterial absorber and its equivalent circuit model," Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 115, 104503, 2014.

    18. Yu, Z., et al., "Design, simulation, and fabrication of single-/dual-/triple band metamaterial absorber," Physica Scripta, Vol. 90, No. 6, 065501, 2015.

    19. Liu, X., C. Lan, B. Li, Q. Zhao, and J. Zhou, "Dual band metamaterial perfect absorber based on artificial dielectric `molecules'," Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, 1-6, 2016.

    20. Yoo, M., H. K. Kim, and S. Lim, "Angular- and polarization-insensitive metamaterial absorber using subwavelength unit cell in multilayer technology," Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 15, 414-417, 2016.

    21. Zhu, B., Z. Wang, C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, "Polarization insensitive metamaterial absorber with wide incident angle," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 101, 231-239, 2010.

    22. Lee, D., J. G. Hwang, D. Lim, T. Hara, and S. Lim, "Incident angle- and polarization-insensitive metamaterial absorber using circular sectors," Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, 27155, 2016.

    23. Zhai, H., C. Zhan, Z. Li, and C. Liang, "A triple-band ultrathin metamaterial absorber with wide-angle and polarization stability," Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 14, 241-244, 2015.

    24. Chaurasiya, D., S. Ghosh, S. Bhattacharyya, A. Bhattacharya, and K. V. Srivastava, "Compact multi-band polarisation-insensitive metamaterial absorber," Microwaves Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 10, No. 1, 94-101, 2016.

    25. Sharma, S. K., et al., "Ultra-thin dual-band polarization-insensitive conformal metamaterial absorber," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, Vol. 59, No. 2, 348-353, 2017.

    26. Mishra, N., D. Choudhary, R. Chowdhury, K. Kumari, and R. Chaudhary, "An investigation on compact ultra-thin triple band polarization independent metamaterial absorber for microwave frequency applications," IEEE Access, Vol. 5, 4370-4376, 2017.

    27. Mishra, N., K. Kumari, and R. K. Chaudhary, "An ultra-thin polarization independent quad-band microwave absorber-based on compact metamaterial structures for EMI/EMC applications," International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies, Vol. 10, No. 4, 422-429, 2018.

    28. Reddy Thummaluru, S., N. Mishra, and R. K. Chaudhary, "Design and analysis of an ultrathin triple-band polarization independent metamaterial absorber," AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications, Vol. 82, 508-515, 2017.

    29. Kumari, K., N. Mishra, and R. K. Chaudhary, "Wide-angle polarization independent triple band absorber based on metamaterial structure for microwave frequency applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 76, 119-127, 2017.

    30. Mishra, N. and R. K. Chaudhary, "Design and development of an ultrathin triple band microwave absorber using miniaturized metamaterial structure for near-unity absorption characteristics," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 94, 89-101, 2019.