Vol. 44

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues
2014-01-18

Voltage Control of Electromagnetically-Induced-Transparency-Like Effect in Metamaterials Based on Microstrip System

By Tuanhui Feng, Limin Wang, Yunhui Li, Yong Sun, and Hai Lu
Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 44, 113-118, 2014
doi:10.2528/PIERL13120704

Abstract

The tuning of electromagnetically-induced-transparency-like (EIT-like) phenomenon in metamaterials based on microstrip system is investigated. The tunability of EIT-like effect mainly arises from the controllable elements of varactor diodes loading on the ``dark'' resonators of EIT-like metamaterials. The results show that the frequency range of transparency window of our EIT-like metamaterials can be continuously and reversibly adjusted along with the varying external voltages applied on the varactor diodes. Moreover, the transmittance maximum hardly changes with the shift of transparency window. Such tunable EIT-like metamaterials may be applied in tunable slow-wave filters and switch devices.

Citation


Tuanhui Feng, Limin Wang, Yunhui Li, Yong Sun, and Hai Lu, "Voltage Control of Electromagnetically-Induced-Transparency-Like Effect in Metamaterials Based on Microstrip System," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 44, 113-118, 2014.
doi:10.2528/PIERL13120704
http://jpier.org/PIERL/pier.php?paper=13120704

References


    1. Harrism, S. E., "Electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Today, Vol. 50, 36-42, 1997.
    doi:10.1063/1.881806

    2. Fleischhauer, M., A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, "Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media," Rev. Mod. Phys., Vol. 77, 633-673, 2005.
    doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.77.633

    3. Hau, L. V., S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature, Vol. 397, 594-598, 1999.
    doi:10.1038/17561

    4. Phillips, D. F., A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, "Storage of light in atomic vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 86, 783-786, 2001.
    doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.783

    5. Xu, Q., S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, "Experimental realization of an on-chip all-optical analogue to electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 96, 123901, 2006.
    doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.123901

    6. Totsuka, K., N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, "Slow light in coupled-resonator-induced transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 98, 213904, 2007.
    doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.213904

    7. Kekatpure, R. D., E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, and M. L. Brongersma, "Phase-coupled plasmon-induced transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 104, 243902, 2010.
    doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.243902

    8. Zhang, J., W. Bai, L. Cai, Y. Xu, G. Song, and Q. Gan, "Observation of ultra-narrow band plasmon induced transparency based on large-area hybrid plasmon-waveguide systems," Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 99, 181120, 2011.
    doi:10.1063/1.3659309

    9. Yang, X., M. Yu, D. L. Kwong, and C. W.Wong, "All-optical analog to electromagnetically induced transparency in multiple coupled photonic crystal cavities," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 102, 173902, 2009.
    doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.173902

    10. Gu, T., S. Kocaman, X. Yang, J. F. McMillan, M. B. Yu, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, and C. W. Wong, "Deterministic integrated tuning of multicavity resonances and phase for slow-light in coupled photonic crystal cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 98, 121103, 2011.
    doi:10.1063/1.3571283

    11. Zheludev, N. I. and Y. S. Kivshar, "From metamaterials to metadevices," Nature Mater., Vol. 11, 917-924, 2012.
    doi:10.1038/nmat3431

    12. Lazarides, N. and G. P. Tsironis, "Gain-driven discrete breathers in PT-symmetric nonlinear metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 110, 053901, 2013.
    doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.053901

    13. Fan, Y. C., L. Li, S. X. Yu, C. Zhu, and C. H. Liang, "Experimental study of efficient wireless power transfer system integrating with highly sub-wavelength metamaterials," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 141, 769-784, 2013.
    doi:10.2528/PIER13061711

    14. Zhang, S., D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, "Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 101, 047401, 2008.
    doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.047401

    15. Liu, N., L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. KÄastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, "Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit," Nature Mater., Vol. 8, 758-762, 2009.
    doi:10.1038/nmat2495

    16. Liu, N., T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, "Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing," Nano Lett., Vol. 10, 1103-1107, 2010.
    doi:10.1021/nl902621d

    17. Papasimakis, N., V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, "Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 101, 253903, 2008.
    doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.253903

    18. Papasimakis, N., V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, "Metamaterial with polarization and direction insensitive resonant transmission response mimicking electromagnetically induced transparency," Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 94, 211902, 2009.
    doi:10.1063/1.3138868

    19. Singh, R., C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, "Coupling between a dark and a bright eigenmode in a terahertz metamaterial," Phys. Rev. B, Vol. 79, 085111, 2009.
    doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.79.085111

    20. Chiam, S. Y., R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. A. Bettiol, "Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial," Phys. Rev. B, Vol. 80, 153103, 2009.
    doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.80.153103

    21. Zhang, L., P. Tassin, T. Koschny, C. Kurter, S. M. Anlage, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Large group delay in a microwave metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency," Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 97, 241904, 2010.
    doi:10.1063/1.3525925

    22. Sun, Y., H. T. Jiang, Y. P. Yang, Y. W. Zhang, H. Chen, and S. Y. Zhu, "Electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials: Influence of intrinsic loss and dynamic evolution," Phys. Rev. B, Vol. 83, 195140, 2011.
    doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.83.195140

    23. Yin, X. G., T. H. Feng, S. Yip, Z. X. Liang, A. Hui, J. C. Ho, and J. Li, "Tailoring electromagnetically induced transparency for terahertz metamaterials: From diatomic to triatomic structural molecules," Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 103, 021115, 2013.
    doi:10.1063/1.4813553

    24. Liu, X. J., J. Q. Gu, R. Singh, Y. F. Ma, J. Zhu, Z. Tian, M. X. He, J. G. Han, and W. L. Zhang, "Electromagnetically induced transparency in terahertz plasmonic metamaterials via dual excitation pathways of the dark mode," Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 100, 131101, 2012.
    doi:10.1063/1.3696306

    25. Shao, J., J. Q. Li, J. Li, Y. K. Wang, Z. G. Dong, P. Chen, R. X. Wu, and Y. Zhai, "Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency by doubly degenerate modes in a U-shaped metamaterial," Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 102, 034106, 2013.
    doi:10.1063/1.4789432

    26. Wu, J. B., B. B. Jin, J. Wan, L. J. Liang, Y. G. Zhang, T. Jia, C. H. Cao, L. Kang, W. W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. H. Wu, "Superconducting terahertz metamaterials mimicking electromagnetically induced transparency," Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 99, 161113, 2011.
    doi:10.1063/1.3653242

    27. Kurter, C., P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, A. P. Zhuravel, A. V. Ustinov, S. M. Anlage, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Classical analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency with a metal-superconductor hybrid metamaterial," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 107, 043901, 2011.
    doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.043901

    28. Tamayama, Y., T. Nakanishi, and M. Kitano, "Variable group delay in a metamaterial with field-gradient-induced transparency," Phys. Rev. B, Vol. 85, 073102, 2012.
    doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.85.073102

    29. Lu, , X. , J. H. Shi, R. Liu, and C. Y. Guan, "Highly-dispersive electromagnetic induced transparency in planar symmetric metamaterials," Opt. Express, Vol. 20, 17581-17590, 2012.
    doi:10.1364/OE.20.017581

    30. Aydin, K., I. Bulu1, K. Guven, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, "Investigation of magnetic resonances for di®erent split-ring resonator parameters and designs," New J. Phys., Vol. 7, 168, 2005.
    doi:10.1088/1367-2630/7/1/168