Vol. 120

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2022-05-10

A Novel Antipodal Vivaldi Antenna with Quad Band Notch Characteristics for UWB Applications

By Vikas Kumar Rai, Mithilesh Kumar, and Shyama Prasad Chakraborty
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 120, 119-133, 2022
doi:10.2528/PIERC22022402

Abstract

This work presents a design and analysis of a high gain Antipodal Vivaldi Antenna (AVA) with quad band notch characteristics for Ultra-Wideband (UWB) applications. The proposed AVA is designed on a 1.2 mm FR4 substrate with dielectric constant 4.3 and loss tangent 0.025. Initially, the AVA parameters are optimized in a full wave simulator to get the required UWB performance. The UWB performance is further improved significantly by cutting a C shaped slot from the AVA flares. The C shaped slot introduces an extra resonance that widens the initial bandwidth. The band-notched filtering characteristics are achieved by - adding a Sun Shaped Slot (SSS) on the top and bottom flares of the AVA, inserting a hexagonal shaped Complimentary Split Ring Resonator (CSRR) on the ground plane of the AVA and finally by inserting vias on either side of the feed line. The first designed notch band is from 2.2-2.7 GHz, covering the Bluetooth region. The second notch band is designed from 3.3-3.6 GHz, corresponding to WiMAX applications, and the third notch band is from 4.6-5.7 GHz corresponding to the WLAN band. Finally, a notch is fashioned from 8.8-9.5 GHz, corresponding to ITU applications. The simulated and measured return loss plots show that the antenna achieves an impedance bandwidth of 1.15-14 GHz with a reflection coefficient less than -10 dB, except at the four eliminating bands. To the best of the authors knowledge, the proposed technique is novel, and it allows good narrowband rejection over the UWB regime.

Citation


Vikas Kumar Rai, Mithilesh Kumar, and Shyama Prasad Chakraborty, "A Novel Antipodal Vivaldi Antenna with Quad Band Notch Characteristics for UWB Applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 120, 119-133, 2022.
doi:10.2528/PIERC22022402
http://jpier.org/PIERC/pier.php?paper=22022402

References