Vol. 117

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Frequency Diverse ISAR Two-Dimensional Imaging Method and Resolution Analysis

By Xiu-Ping Li, Kefei Liao, and Bo Wen
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 117, 185-201, 2021


Aiming at the shortcomings of complex broadband transmitter/receiver systems and inflexible bandwidth control in the existing inverse synthetic aperture radar (ISAR) imaging systems, in this paper, a novel two-dimensional imaging method based on frequency diverse ISAR (FDISAR) is proposed by combining frequency diversity technique with inverse synthetic aperture technique. In the imaging process, FDISAR is different from the stepped-frequency ISAR, which needs to transmit the same burst at different observation moments. Once the bandwidth is determined, the bandwidth of the subsequent burst synthesis cannot be changed, which reduces the flexibility of the radar system. In this method, single-frequency signals of different frequencies are transmitted to the target at different observation times, and the wideband signals are synthesized using the frequencies at different observation times to obtain the resolution capability in the range direction. In addition, the relative motion synthetic aperture of the target and radar is used to obtain the azimuth resolution capability, and finally the two-dimensional imaging capability of the moving target is formed. Specifically, we established an ISAR imaging model based on frequency diversity to synthesize a broadband signal, and used an improved backward projection algorithm (BP) to complete the two-dimensional imaging of the target. On this basis, the influence of the transmission signal frequency selection on the imaging quality is analyzed, and the half-power resolution in range and azimuth directions is derived. Furthermore, in order to eliminate side lobes and improve imaging quality, we combined compressive sensing (CS) theory with a BP imaging algorithm based on compressed sensing to obtain high-quality target 2D images. Simulation and actual measurement results show that FDISAR can achieve two-dimensional imaging of moving multi-scattering point targets. The application of this method is of great significance for reducing the complexity of the ISAR imaging system and improving the flexibility of the system's control bandwidth resources.


Xiu-Ping Li, Kefei Liao, and Bo Wen, "Frequency Diverse ISAR Two-Dimensional Imaging Method and Resolution Analysis," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 117, 185-201, 2021.