In recent years, FMCW CSAR (frequency modulation continue wave circular synthetic aperture radar) is more and more widely used in military reconnaissance and sea surface target recognition. However, due to the influence of external factors, it cannot move in an ideal uniform circular trajectory, resulting in low imaging resolution. In this paper, the problem of motion errors caused by nonuniform circular motion is analyzed, and the phenomenon of range unit broadening and sidelobe increase caused by nonuniform circular motion errors is simulated. The echo model is characterized by error parameters. Based on the compressed sensing imaging algorithm, motion error parameters are estimated by parametric sparse representation. The least squares method and gradient descent method are applied to estimate motion error parameters. Simulations are conducted to show that both of the methods can reach the goal that the motion compensation is realized. The result of simulations and measurement data demonstrate that the algorithm can correct nonuniform circular motion errors better and further improve the imaging resolution.
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