Diverse array processing methods with higher order statistics (HOS) have been developed in the last three decades. One of the main interests in using HOS relies on the increase of effective aperture and the number of sensors of the considered array. In this work, we further exploit space-time adaptive processing (STAP) using HOS based on the phased array radar with uniform linear array (ULA). We implement STAP with respect to signal powers instead of with respect to signal amplitudes as the convention. The purpose of this paper is to provide some important insights into the STAP with respect to signal powers (SP-STAP), such as the output response, output signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR), minimum detectable velocity (MDV) performance and effect ofinternal clutter motion (ICM). Compared with the conventional STAP under the condition of the same number of array elements and transmitting pulses, the simulation results show that SP-STAP can gain narrower target main beam, lower side-lobe levels, better MDV performance and less deleterious effect of ICM.
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