This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of the roadway powering system for electric vehicles (EVs) and proposes a design from the perspective of power track design, integration, and powering control strategy, aiming to ensure the charging power and persistence, enhance the control flexibility, and reduce the construction cost. 1) A novel design scheme is first proposed to determine the length and number of turns for power tracks by investigating the power supply-and-demand and the loss. 2) A novel evaluation index, namely the magnetic distribution variance, is proposed to determine the gap between adjacent tracks, which can effectively produce evenly-distributed energy field, thus improving the dynamic charging performance for EVs. 3) A sectional powering control strategy is proposed to implement a cost-saving and flexible roadway powering system. Lastly, the simulated and experimental results show that the exemplified prototype can achieve the transmission power 50W over the distance of 200 mm, which verifies the proposed EV dynamic charging system with the salient advantages of the constant energization, flexible power control, and cost saving.
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