The aim of this work is to miniaturize a microstrip patch antenna resonating at 3 GHz. For this purpose, defected ground structure (DGS) has been employed to shift the resonance frequency of an initial microstrip antenna from 5.7 GHz to 3 GHz by disturbing the antenna's current distribution. The proposed DGS is incorporated in the ground plane under the patch antenna to improve its performances. Finally, a miniaturization up to 50%, with respect to the conventional microstrip antenna, is successfully accomplished. A prototype of the antenna was fabricated with the FR4 substrate and tested. The measurements results were in good agreement with simulation results.
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