Ultra Wideband (UWB), an impulse carrier waveform, was applied at HF-VHF frequencies to utilize surface wave propagation. Due to the low duty cycle of the pulse, the energy requirements are significantly reduced. UWB involves the propagation of transient pulses rather than continuous waves which makes the system easier to implement, inexpensive and small. The use of surface wave propagation (instead of commercial SHF UWB) extends the communication range. The waveform, transmitter, receiver, modulation and channel characteristics of the novel system design will be presented.
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