Vol. 3

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues
2008-04-14

Numerical Analysis of Combined Field Integral Equation Formulations for Electromagnetic Scattering by Dielectric and Composite Objects

By Pasi Yla-Oijala
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 3, 19-43, 2008
doi:10.2528/PIERC08032501

Abstract

Numerical analysis of a generalized form of the recently developed electric and magnetic current combined field integral equation (JM-CFIE) for electromagnetic scattering by homogeneous dielectric and composite objects is presented. This new formulation contains a similar coupling parameter α as CFIE contains in the case of perfectly conducting objects. Two alternative JM-CFIE(α) formulations are introduced and their numerical properties (solution accuracy and convergence of iterative Krylov subspace methods) are investigated. The properties of these formulations are found to be very sensitive to the choice of α and to the permittivity of the object. By using normalized fields and currents the optimal value of α minimizing the number of iterations becomes only weakly dependent on the permittivity object. Using linear-linear basis functions instead of the more conventional constant-linear (RWG) basis functions the solution accuracy can be made less dependent on the choice of α.

Citation


Pasi Yla-Oijala, "Numerical Analysis of Combined Field Integral Equation Formulations for Electromagnetic Scattering by Dielectric and Composite Objects," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 3, 19-43, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIERC08032501
http://jpier.org/PIERC/pier.php?paper=08032501

References


    1. Kolundzija, B. M. and A. R. Djordjevic, Electromagnetic Modeling of Composite Metallic and Dielectric Structures, Artech House, Boston, 2002.

    2. Mautz, J. R. and R. F. Harrington, "H-field, E-field and combined-field solutions for conducting bodies of revolution," Arch. Elektr. Ubertragung., Vol. 32, 157-164, 1978.

    3. Mautz, J. R. and R. F. Harrington, "Electromagnetic scattering from a homogeneous material body of revolution," Arch. Elektron. Ubertragungstechn. (Electron. Commun.), Vol. 33, 71-80, 1979.

    4. Rao, S. M. and D. R. Wilton, "E-field, H-field, and combined field solution for arbitrarily shaped three-dimensional dielectric bodies ," Electromagnetics, Vol. 10, 407-421, 1990.
    doi:10.1080/02726349008908254

    5. Sheng, X.-Q., J.-M. Jin, J. Song, W. C. Chew, and C.-C. Lu, "Solution of combined-field integral equation using multilevel fast multipole algorithm for scattering by homogeneous bodies," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 46, No. 11, 1718-1726, Nov. 1998.
    doi:10.1109/8.736628

    6. Jung, B. H., T. K. Sarkar, and Y.-S. Chung, "A survey of various frequency domain integral equations for the analysis of scattering from three-dimensional dielectric objects," Progress In Electromagnetic Research, Vol. 36, 193-246, 2002.
    doi:10.2528/PIER02021702

    7. Yla-Oijala, P. and M. Taskinen, "Application of combined field integral equation for electromagnetic scattering by composite metallic and dielectric objects," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 53, No. 3, 1168-1173, March 2005.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2004.842640

    8. Jung, B. H. and T. K. Sarkar, "Analysis of scattering from arbitrarily shaped 3-D conducting/dielectric composite objects using a combined field integral equation," J. of Electromag. Waves and Applicat., Vol. 18, No. 6, 729-743, June 2004.
    doi:10.1163/156939304323105826

    9. Jung, B. H., T. K. Sarkar, and M. Salazar-Palma, "Combined field integral equation for the analysis of scattering from threedimensional conducting bodies coated with a dielectric material ," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., Vol. 40, No. 6, 511-516, March 2004.
    doi:10.1002/mop.20019

    11. Ergul, O. and L. Gurel, "Improving the accuracy of the magnetic field integral equation with the linear-linear basis functions," Radio Science, Vol. 41, RS4004, 2006.
    doi:10.1029/2005RS003307

    10. Song, J. M. and W. C. Chew, "Multilevel fast multipole algorithm for solving combined field integral equations of electromagnetic scattering," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett., Vol. 10, No. 1, 14-19, Sep. 1995.
    doi:10.1002/mop.4650100107

    11. Ergul, O. and L. Gurel, "Improving the accuracy of the magnetic field integral equation with the linear-linear basis functions," Radio Science, Vol. 41, RS4004, 2006.
    doi:10.1029/2005RS003307

    12. Yla-Oijala, P., M. Taskinen, and S. Jarvenpaa, "Analysis of surface integral equations in electromagnetic scattering and radiation problems," Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements, Vol. 12, 196-209, 2008.
    doi:10.1016/j.enganabound.2007.08.004

    13. Yla-Oijala, P., M. Taskinen, and S. Jarvenpaa, "Surface integral equation formulations for solving electromagnetic scattering problems with iterative methods," Radio Science, Vol. 40, No. 6, RS6002, Nov. 2005.
    doi:10.1029/2004RS003169

    14. Zhu, A., S. Gedney, and J. L. Visher, "A study of combined field formulations for material scattering for a locally corrected Nystrom discretization," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 53, No. 12, 4111-4120, Dec. 2005.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2005.859918

    15. Lloyd, T. W., J. M. Song, and M. Yang, "Numerical study of surface integral formulations for low-contrast objects ," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 4, 482-485, 2005.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2005.862062

    16. Yla-Oijala, P. and M. Taskinen, "Improving conditioning of the electromagnetic surface integral equations using normalized field quantities," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 55, No. 1, 178-185, Jan. 2007.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2006.888418

    17. Ergul, O. and L. Gurel, "Accurate solutions of scattering problems involving low-contrast dielectric objects with surface integral equations," Proceedings of the Second European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, EuCAP 2007, 390, Edinburg, Nov. 2007.

    18. Ergul, O. and L. Gurel, "Fast and accurate solutions of scattering problems involving dielectric objects with moderate and low contrasts ," Proceedings of 2007 Computational Electromagnetics Workshop, CEM’07, 59-64, Izmir, Turkey, August 30–31, 2007.

    19. Taskinen, M. and P. Yla-Oijala, "Current and charge integral equation formulation," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 54, No. 1, 58-67, Jan. 2006.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2005.861580

    20. Rao, S. M., D. R. Wilton, and A. W. Glisson, "Electromagnetic scattering by surfaces of arbitrary shape," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 30, No. 3, 409-418, 1982.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.1982.1142818

    21. Trintinalia, L. C. and H. Ling, "First order triangular patch basis functions for electromagnetic scattering analysis," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 15, No. 11, 1521-1537, 2001.
    doi:10.1163/156939301X00085