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Real Time Implemenation for DOA Estimation Methods on Ni-Pxi Platform

By Nizar Tayem
Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 59, 103-121, 2014


In this paper, we present five different approaches to estimate direction of arrival (DOA) of multiple incident RF sources. The proposed methods are based on extracting the signal and noise subspaces from the Q matrix, R matrix, or both Q and R matrices of the QR decomposed received data matrix. The angle of the signal arrival is extracted from the signal subspace by using similar techniques as employed by MUSIC and ESPRIT methods. The simulation results are shown which verify accurate DOA estimates for both single and two sources. In addition, an experimental verification of the proposed methods is also presented. The methods are implemented in LabVIEW software and a prototype is built using National Instruments (NI) hardware. Furthermore, the details of experimental procedures are presented which includes interfacing the uniform linear array (ULA) of antennas with the NI-PXI platform, phase difference calibration between the RF receivers, and selection of transmitter and receiver parameters. The experimental results are shown for a single and two RF sources lying at arbitrary angles from the array reference, which verify the successful real-time implement-ability of the proposed DOA estimation methods.


Nizar Tayem, "Real Time Implemenation for DOA Estimation Methods on Ni-Pxi Platform," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 59, 103-121, 2014.


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