Vol. 138

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues
2013-03-29

Compressed Sensing Based Track Before Detect Algorithm for Airborne Radars

By Jing Liu, Chong Zhao Han, Xiang Hua Yao, and Feng Lian
Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 138, 433-451, 2013
doi:10.2528/PIER13022006

Abstract

This paper presents a novel compressed sensing based track before detect (CS-TBD) algorithm. The proposed algorithm reconstructs the whole radar scenario (direction of arrival (DOA)-Doppler plane) for each range gate at consecutive scans using an improved stagewise orthogonal matching pursuit (StOMP) algorithm, resulting in a three-dimensional range-DOA-Doppler space. It then performs temporal tracking in the newly built three-dimensional range-DOA-Doppler space, based on the information from multiple illuminations during each scan, as well as among consecutive scans. In the proposed CS-TBD algorithm, the improved StOMP algorithm together with the temporal tracking, can effectively distinguish true targets from false targets and clutter based on information from multiple illuminations.

Citation


Jing Liu, Chong Zhao Han, Xiang Hua Yao, and Feng Lian, "Compressed Sensing Based Track Before Detect Algorithm for Airborne Radars," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 138, 433-451, 2013.
doi:10.2528/PIER13022006
http://jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=13022006

References


    1. Buzzi, , S., M. Lops, and L. Venturino, "Track-before-detect procedures for early detection of moving target from airborne radars," IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems,, Vol. 41, No. 3, 937-954, 2005.
    doi:10.1109/TAES.2005.1541440

    2. Orlando, , D., L. Venturino, M. Lops, and G. Ricci, "Track-before-detect strategies for STAP radars," IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Vol. 58, No. 2, 933-938, 2010.
    doi:10.1109/TSP.2009.2032991

    3. Orlando, , D., G. Ricci, and Y. Bar-Shalom, "Track-before-detect algorithms for targets with kinematic constraints," IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, Vol. 47, , No. 3, 1837-1849, 2011.
    doi:10.1109/TAES.2011.5937268

    4. Ristic, , B., S. Arulampalam, and N. J. Gordon, Beyond the Kalman Filter: Particle Filters for Tracking Applications, Artech House, Norwood, MA, 2004..

    5. Im, , H. , T. Kim, and , "Optimization of multiframe target detection schemes," IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, Vol. 35, No. 1, 176-186, 1999..
    doi:10.1109/7.745690

    6. Johnston, , L. A. , V. Krishnamurthy, and , "Performance analysis of a dynamic programming track before detect algorithm," IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, Vol. 38, No. 1, 228-242, 2002.
    doi:10.1109/7.993242

    7. Donoho, , D. L., , Y. Tsaig, I. Drori, and J. C. Starck, "Sparse solution of underdetermined linear equations by stagewise orthogonal matching pursuit," IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, Vol. 58, No. 2, 1094-1121, 2012..
    doi:10.1109/TIT.2011.2173241

    8. Baraniuk, , R. and P. Steeghs, "Compressive radar imaging," Proc. Radar Conference, 128-133, 2007.

    9. Liu, Z., , X. Wei, and X. Li, , "Adaptive Clutter suppression for airborne random pulse repetition interval radar based on compressed sensing," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 128, 291-311, 2012.

    10. Yang, , M. , G. Zhang, and , "Parameter identifiability of monostatic MIMO chaotic radar using compressed sensing," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 44, 367-382, 2012.

    11. Liu, , J., , X. Li, S. Xu, and Z. Zhuang, "Isar imaging of non-uniform rotation targets with limited pulses via compressed sensing," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 41, 285-305, 2012.

    12. Wei, , S. J., X.-L. Zhang, J. Shi, and K. F. Liao, "Sparse array microwave 3-D Imaging: Compressed sensing recovery and experimental study," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 135, 161-181, 2013.

    13. Li, , J., , S. Zhang, and J. Chang, "Applications of compressed sensing for multiple transmitters multiple azimuth beams SAR imaging," Progress In Electromagnetics Research,, Vol. 127, 259-275, 2012.
    doi:10.2528/PIER12021307

    14. Chen, J., , J. Gao, Y. Zhu, W. Yang, and P. Wang, "A novel image formation algorithm for high-resolution wide-swath spaceborne SAR using compressed sensing on azimuth displacement phase center antenna," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 125, 527-543, 2012.
    doi:10.2528/PIER11121101

    15. Wei, , S. J., , X.-L. Zhang, and J. Shi, "Linear array SAR imaging via compressed sensing," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 117, 299-319, 2011.

    16. Wei, , S. J., X.-L. Zhang, J. Shi, and G. Xiang, "Sparse reconstruction for SAR imaging based on compressed sensing," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 109, 63-81, 2010.
    doi:10.2528/PIER10080805

    17. Yu, Y., , A. Petropulu, and H. Poor, "Measurement matrix design for compressive sensing based MIMO radar," IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Vol. 59, No. 11, 5338-5352, 2011.
    doi:10.1109/TSP.2011.2162328

    18. Zhang, J., , D. Zhu, and G. Zhang, , "Adaptive compressed sensing radar oriented toward cognitive detection in dynamic sparse target scene," IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Vol. 60, No. 4, 1718-1729, 2012.
    doi:10.1109/TSP.2012.2183127

    19. Tonissen, S. M. and Y. Bar-Shalom, "Maximum likelihood track-before-detect with fluctuating target amplitude," IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, Vol. 34, No. 3, 796-809, 1998.
    doi:10.1109/7.705887

    20. Bilik, I., "Spatial compressive sensing for direction-of-arrival estimation of multiple sources using dynamic sensor arrays," IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, Vol. 47, No. 3, 1754-1769, 2011.
    doi:10.1109/TAES.2011.5937263

    21. Bar-Shalom, Y., X. R. Li, and T. Kirubarajan, Estimation with Applications to Tracking and Navigation, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2001.
    doi:10.1002/0471221279

    22. Kirubarajan, , T. and Y. Bar-Shalom, "Low observable target motion analysis using amplitude information," IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, Vol. 32, No. 4, 1367-1384, 1996.
    doi:10.1109/7.543858

    23. Li, X.-R. and V. P. Jilkov, "Survey of maneuvering target tracking. Part I. Dynamic models," IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, Vol. 39, No. 4, 1333-1364, 2003.
    doi:10.1109/TAES.2003.1261132