Vol. 133

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues
2012-10-18

Quad-Frequency Linearly-Polarized and Dual-Frequency Circularly-Polarized Microstrip Patch Antennas with CRLH Loading

By Daniel Segovia-Vargas, Francisco Javier Herraiz-Martinez, Eduardo Ugarte-Munoz, Luis Enrique Garcia-Munoz, and Vicente Gonzalez-Posadas
Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 133, 91-115, 2013
doi:10.2528/PIER12072413

Abstract

In this paper, a novel technique to develop multifrequency microstrip patch antennas with polarization diversity or circular polarization is presented. The proposed approach consists of exciting modes with orthogonal polarizations in microstrip patches partially filled with Composite Right/Left-Handed (CRLH) cells. Two different kinds of quad-frequency single-layer patch antennas are proposed. The first one has two orthogonal ports with high isolation between them. The second kind of quad-frequency patch antennas consists of exciting the four modes with two orthogonal polarizations through only one port. Finally, the proposed approach is used to develop dualfrequency circularly-polarized (CP) patch antennas by exciting the modes with orthogonal polarizations in quadrature phase. Prototypes of all the designs are manufactured and measured, showing good performance.

Citation


Daniel Segovia-Vargas, Francisco Javier Herraiz-Martinez, Eduardo Ugarte-Munoz, Luis Enrique Garcia-Munoz, and Vicente Gonzalez-Posadas, "Quad-Frequency Linearly-Polarized and Dual-Frequency Circularly-Polarized Microstrip Patch Antennas with CRLH Loading," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 133, 91-115, 2013.
doi:10.2528/PIER12072413
http://jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=12072413

References


    1. Garg, R., P. Barthia, I. Bahl, and A. Ittipiboon, Microstrip Antenna Handbook, Artech House, Norwood, MA, 2001.

    2. James, J. R. and P. S. Hall, Handbook of Microstrip Antennas, Peter Peregrinus, London, UK, 1989.

    3. Gao, S. and J. Li, "FDTD analysis of a sized-reduced, dual-frequency patch antenna," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 23, 59-77, 1999.
    doi:10.2528/PIER98082502

    4. Wang, Y. J. and C. K. Lee, "Design of dual-frequency microstrip patch antennas and application for IMT-2000 mobile handsets," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 36, 265-278, 2002.
    doi:10.2528/PIER02022102

    5. Gao, S., J. L.-W. Li, and A. Sambell, "FDTD analysis of a dual-frequency microstrip patch antenna," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 54, 155-178, 2005.
    doi:10.2528/PIER04120102

    6. Croq, F. and D. M. Pozar, "Multifrequency operation of microstrip antennas using aperture coupled parallel resonators," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 40, 1367-1374, Nov. 1992.
    doi:10.1109/8.202714

    7. Anguera, J., G. Font, C. Puente, C. Borja, and J. Soler, "Multifrequency microstrip patch antenna using multiple stacked elements,", Vol. 13, No. 3, Mar. 2003.

    8. Anguera, J., E. Martínez, C. Puente, C. Borja, and J. Soler, "Broad-band dual-frequency microstrip patch antenna with modi¯ed sierpinski fractal geometry ," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 52, No. 1, 66-73, Jan. 2004.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2003.822433

    9. Daniel, A. E. and G. Kumar, "Tuneable dual and triple stub loaded," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 48, No. 7, 1026-1039, Jul. 2000.

    10. Anguera, J., C. Puente, C. Borja, and J. Soler, "Dual frequency broadband stacked microstrip antenna using a reactive loading and a fractal-shaped radiating edge," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 6, 309-312, 2007.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2007.891523

    11. Montero-de-Paz, J., E. Ugarte-Muñoz, F. J. Herraiz-Martínez, V. González-Posadas, L. E. Garcia-Munoz, and D. Segovia-Vargas, "Multifrequency self-diplexed single patch antennas loaded with split ring resonators," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 113, 47-66, 2011.

    12. Herraiz-Martínez, F. J., V. González-Posadas, L. E. García-Muñoz, and D. Segovia-Vargas, "Multi-frequency and dual mode patch antennas partially filled with left-handed structures," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 58, No. 8, Part 2, 2527-2539, Aug. 2008.

    13. Chung, Y., S.-S. Jeon, D. Ahn, J.-I. Choi, and T. Itoh, "High isolation dual-polarized patch antenna using integrated defected ground structure," IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett., Vol. 14, 4-6, Jan. 2004.
    doi:10.1109/LMWC.2003.821501

    14. Sim, C.-Y.-D., C.-C. Chang, and J.-S. Row, "Dual-band dual-polarized patch antenna with low cross polarization and high isolation," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 57, No. 10, 3321-3324, Oct. 2009.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2009.2028702

    15. Chiou, T.-W. and K.-L. Wong, "Broad-band dual-polarized single microstrip patch antenna with high isolation and low cross polarization," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 50, No. 3, 399-401, Mar. 2002.
    doi:10.1109/8.999635

    16. Chiou, T.-W. and K.-L. Wong, "A compact dual-band dual-polarized patch antenna for 900/1800-MHz cellular systems," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 51, No. 8, 1936-1940, Aug. 2003.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2003.814728

    17. Soodmand, S., A novel circular shaped dual-band dual-polarized patch antenna and introducing a new approach for designing combined feed networks, 2009 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference, 401-404, Loughborough, UK, Nov. 2009.

    18. Lai, H.-W. and K.-M. Luk, "Dual polarized patch antenna fed by meandering probes," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 55, No. 9, 2625-2627, Sep. 2007.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2007.904158

    19. Padhi, S. K., N. C. Karkmar, Sr., C. L. Law, S. Aditya, and Sr., "A dual polarized aperture coupled circular patch antenna using a C-shaped coupling slot," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 51, No. 12, 3295-3298, Dec. 2003.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2003.820947

    20. Gao, S., L. W. Li, M. S. Leong, and T. S. Yeo, "A broad-band dual-polarized microstrip patch antenna with aperture coupling," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 51, No. 4, 898-900, Apr. 2003.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2003.811080

    21. Boccia, L., G. Amendola, and G. Di Massa, "A dual frequency microstrip patch antenna high-precision GPS applications," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 3, 157-160, 2004.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2004.832127

    22. Pozar, D. M. and S. M. Duffy, "A dual-band circularly polarized aperture-coupled stacked microstrip antenna for global positioning satellite ," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 45, No. 11, 1618-1625, Nov. 1997.
    doi:10.1109/8.650073

    23. Ferrero, F., C. Luxey, G. Jacquemod, and R. Staraj, "Dual-band circularly polarized microstrip antenna for satellite applications," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 4, 13-15, 2005.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2004.841622

    24. Yang, K.-P. and K.-L. Wong, "Dual-band circularly-polarized square microstrip antenna," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 49, No. 3, 377-382, Mar. 2001.
    doi:10.1109/8.918611

    25. Kim, H. J., K. S. Yoon, S. M. Kim, and W. G. Yang, Design and implementation of dual-band circular polarization square patch antenna for the reception of GPS and S-DMB signals , IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, 2657-2660, Albuquerque, NM, Jul. 2006.

    26. Nasimuddin, Z. N. Chen, X. Qing, "Dual-band circularly polarized S-shaped slotted patch antenna with a small frequency-ratio," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 58, No. 6, 2112-2115, 2010.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2010.2046851

    27. Bao, X. L. and M. J. Ammann, "Dual-frequency circularly-polarized patch antenna with compact size and small frequency ratio," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 55, No. 7, 2104-2107, Jul. 2007.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2007.900271

    28. Sung, Y. J. and Y.-S. Kim, "Circular polarised microstrip patch antennas for broadband and dual-band operation," Electronics Letters, Vol. 40, No. 9, 520-522, Apr. 2004.
    doi:10.1049/el:20040379

    29. Sievenpiper, D., L. Zhang, F. J. Broas, N. G. Alexopulos, and E. Yablonovitch, "High-impedance electromagnetic surfaces with a forbidden frequency band ," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 47, No. 11, 2059-2074, Nov. 1999.
    doi:10.1109/22.798001

    30. Sanada, A., C. Caloz, and T. Itoh, "Planar distributed structures with negative refractive index," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theroy and Techniques, Vol. 52, No. 4, 1252-1263, Apr. 2004.
    doi:10.1109/TMTT.2004.825703

    31. Lin, I. H., C. Caloz, and T. Itoh, "A branch-line coupler with two arbitrary operating frequencies using left-handed transmission lines," 2003 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest, 325-3258, Philadelphia, PA, Jun. 2003.

    32. Howe, H. H., Stripline Circuit Desing, Artech House, Dedham, MA, 1974.