Vol. 97

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues
2009-10-05

A Flanged Parallel-Plate Waveguide Probe for Microwave Imaging of Tumors

By Huiyu Zhang, Soon Yim Tan, and Hong Siang Tan
Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 97, 45-60, 2009
doi:10.2528/PIER09090901

Abstract

This paper presents a microwave imaging method for malignant tumors using flanged parallel-plate waveguide probes, based on detecting the significant difference in complex permittivity that exists between the tumor and its surrounding tissues. The presence of a tumor is identified from a frequency scan of the resonant scattering parameters. The tumor location can be estimated using S21 obtained at various positions of the region of concern, e.g. human organ, biological tissues, etc., while another probe transmits at the position yielding maximum resonating response of S11, with triangulation technique. A tumor can also be distinguished from clutter items. With specific reference to the detection of breast cancer, simulation studies are presented to verify the performance of this probe and the proposed detection technique.

Citation


Huiyu Zhang, Soon Yim Tan, and Hong Siang Tan, "A Flanged Parallel-Plate Waveguide Probe for Microwave Imaging of Tumors," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 97, 45-60, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER09090901
http://jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=09090901

References


    1., International Union Against Cancer. About Cancer. http://www.uicc.org/index.php?option=com content&task=view&id=13&Itemid=113.
    doi:10.1056/NEJMcp021804

    2., , World Health Organisation. Cancer Facts. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs297/en/index.html.
    doi:10.1109/MP.2003.1180933

    3. Fletcher, S. W. and J. G. Elmore, "Mammographic screening for breast cancer," New Engl. J. Med., Vol. 37, 1672-1680, 2003.

    4. Fear, E. C., P. M. Meaney, and M. A. Stuchly, "Microwaves for breast cancer detection," IEEE Potentials, Vol. 22, No. 1, 12-18, February{March 2003.
    doi:10.1163/156939306775777350

    5. Bindu, G., S. J. Abraham, A. Lonappan, V. Thomas, C. K. Aanandan, and K. T. Mathew, "Active microwave imaging for breast cancer detection," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, PIER 58, 149-169, 2006.

    6. Guo, B., Y. Wang, and J. Li, "Active imaging via adaptive beamforming methods for breast cancer detection," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 20, No. 1, 53-63, 2006.
    doi:10.2528/PIERB07112703

    7. Kanj, H. and M. Popovic, "A novel ultra-compact broadband antenna for microwave breast tumor detection," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, PIER 86, 169-198, 2008.
    doi:10.2528/PIERB08122213

    8. Zainud-Deen, S. H., W. M. Hassen, E. M. Ali, K. H. Awadalla, and H. A. Sharshar, "Breast cancer detection using a hybrid finite difference frequency domain and particle swarm optimization techniques," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 3, 35-46, 2008.
    doi:10.1109/TBME.2008.919716

    9. Amineh, R. K., A. Trehan, and N. K. Nikolova, "TEM horn antenna for ultra-wide band microwave breast imaging," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 13, 59-74, 2009.
    doi:10.1109/TBME.2007.900564

    10. Lim, H. B., T. T. N. Nguyen, E. Li, and D. T. Nguyen, "Confocal microwave imaging for breast cancer detection: Delay-multiply-and-sum image reconstruction algorithm," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., Vol. 55, No. 6, 1697-1704, Jun. 2008.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2006.888432

    11. Davis, S. K., B. D. Van Veen, S. C. Hagness, and F. Kelcz, "Breast tumor characterization based on ultrawideband microwave backscatter," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., Vol. 1, 237-246, January 2008.

    12. Chen, Y., E. Gunawan, K. S. Low, S. Wang, Y. Kim, and C. B. Soh, "Pulse design for time reversal method as applied to ultrawideband microwave breast cancer detection: A two-dimensional analysis," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 55, No. 1, 194-204, January 2007.

    13. Semenov, S. Y., A. E. Boulyshev, A. Abubakar, V. G. Posukh, Y. Sizov, A. E. Souvorov, P. M. Van den Berg, and T. C. Williams, "Microwave-tomographic imaging of the high dielectric-contrast objects using different image-reconstruction approaches," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., Vol. 53, No. 5, 2284-2294, July 2005.

    14. Zhou, H., T. Takenaka, J. Johnson, and T. Tanaka, "A breast imaging model using microwaves and a time domain three dimensional reconstruction method," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, PIER 93, 57-70, 2009.

    15. Drogoudis, D. G., G. A. Kyriacou, and J. N. Sahalos, "Microwave tomography employing an adjoint network based sensitivity matrix," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, PIER 94, 213-242, 2009.
    doi:10.2528/PIERB08082701

    16. Zhang, H., S. Y. Tan, and H. S. Tan, "A novel method for breast cancer detection," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, PIER 83, 413-434, 2008.

    17. Zhang, H., S. Y. Tan, and H. S. Tan, "An improved method for microwave nondestructive dielectric measurement of layered media," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 10, 145-161, 2008.
    doi:10.1002/(SICI)1098-2760(19990905)22:5<304::AID-MOP5>3.0.CO;2-E

    18. Ruck, G. T., D. E. Barrick, W. D. Stuart, and C. K. Krichbaum, Radar Cross Section Handbook, Plenum Press, 1970.
    doi:10.1109/8.537325

    19. Ang, T. W., S. Y. Tan, and H. S. Tan, "Analytical methods to determine diffraction points on multiple edges and cylindrical scatterers in UTD ray tracing," Microw. Opt. Tech. Lett., Vol. 22, No. 5, 304-309, 1999.
    doi:10.1088/0031-9155/52/20/002

    20. Tan, S. Y. and H. S. Tan, "A microcellular communications propagation model based on uniform theory of diffraction and multiple image theory," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 44, No. 10, 1310-1326, 1996.
    doi:10.1109/LMWC.2007.910465

    21. Lazebnik, M., D. Popovic, L. McCartney, C. B. Watkins, M. J. Lindstrom, J. Harter, S. Sewall, T. Ogilvie, A. Magliocco, T. M. Breslin, W. Temple, D. Mew, J. H. Booske, M. Okoniewski, and S. C. Hagness, "A large-scale study of the ultrawideband microwave dielectric properties of normal, benign and malignant breast tissues obtained from cancer surgeries," Phys. Med. Biol., Vol. 52, 6093-6115, 2007.
    doi:10.1109/TBME.2008.2002130

    22. Lazenik, M., M. Okoniewski, J. H. Booske, and S. C. Hagness, "Highly accurate debye models for normal and malignant breast tissue dielectric properties at microwave frequencies," IEEE Microw. Wireless Comp. Lett., Vol. 17, No. 12, 822-824, December 2007.

    23. Zastrow, E., S. K. Davis, M. Lazebnik, F. Kelcz, B. D. Van Veen, and S. C. Hagness, "Development of anatomically realistic numerical breast phantoms with accurate dielectric properties for modeling microwave interactions with the human breast," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., Vol. 55, No. 12, 2792-2800, December 2008.