Vol. 78

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues

High Bit Rate Dense Dispersion Managed Optical Communication Systems with Distributed Amplification

By Manoj Mishra and Swapan Konar
Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 78, 301-320, 2008


In this paper we have investigated optical pulse propagation in a dense dispersion managed (DM) optical communication system operating at a speed of 100 Gb/s and more taking into account of the effects of third order dispersion, intra-pulse Raman scattering and self steepening. Using perturbed variational formulation, we have obtained several ordinary differential equations for various pulse parameters. These equations have been solved numerically to identify launching criteria in the first DM cell of the system. Full numerical simulation of the nonlinear Schr¨odinger equation has been employed to identify effects of higher order terms on pulse propagation and to investigate the intra-pulse interaction. The roles played by these higher order linear and nonlinear effects have been identified. It has been found that the shift of the pulse centre due to intra-pulse Raman scattering increases with the increase in the distance of propagation and average dispersion. We have noticed that for higher value of average dispersion pulses travel less distance before collision than for lower average dispersion.


 (See works that cites this article)
Manoj Mishra and Swapan Konar, "High Bit Rate Dense Dispersion Managed Optical Communication Systems with Distributed Amplification," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 78, 301-320, 2008.


    1. Smith, N. J., F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, "Enhanced power soliton in optical fibers with periodic dispersion," Electron. Letts., Vol. 32, 54, 1996.

    2. Mishra, M. and S. Konar, "Interaction of solitons in a dispersion managed optical communication system with asymmetric dispersion map," J. Electromagn. Waves and Appl., Vol. 21, 2049, 2007.

    3. Turitsyn, S. K. and E. G. Shapiro, "Disperson managed soliton in optical amplifier transmission systems with zero average dispersion," Optics Letts., Vol. 23, 682, 1998.

    4. Carter, G. M., J. M. Jacob, C. R. Menyuk, E. A. Golovehenko, and A. N. Pilipetski, "Timing jitter reduction for a dispersion managed soliton systems: experimental evidence," Optics Letts., Vol. 22, 513-515, 1997.

    5. Grigoryan, V. S. and C. R. Menyuk, "Dispersion-managed soliton at normal average dispersion," Opt. Letts., Vol. 23, 609, 1998.

    6. Biswas, A., S. Konar, and E. Zerrad, "Soliton-soliton interaction with parabolic law nonlinearity," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 20, 927, 2006.

    7. Berntson, A., D. Anderson, N. J. Doran, W. Forysiak, and J. H. B. Nijhof, "Power dependence and accessible bandwidth for disperson-managed solitons in asymmetric disperson maps," Electron. Letts., Vol. 34, 2054, 1998.

    8. Berntson, A., N. J. Doran, W. Forysiak, and J. H. B. Nijhof, "The power dependence of dispersion managed solitons for anomalous, zero, and normal path-average dispersion," Opt. Letts., Vol. 23, 900, 1998.

    9. Konar, S., J. Kumar, and P. K. Sen, "Suppression of soliton instability by higher order nonlinearity in long haul optical communication systems," J. Nonlinear Optical Physics and Materials, Vol. 8, 497, 1999.

    10. Crutcher, S., A. Biswas, M. D. Aggarwal, and M. E. Edwards, "Oscillatory behaviors of spatial solitons in two-dimensional waveguides and stationary temporal power solitons in optical fibers," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 20, 761, 2006.

    11. Ballav, M. and A. R. Chowdhury, "On a study of diffraction and dispersion managed soliton in a cylindrical media," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 63, 33, 2006.

    12. Biswas, A. and S. Konar, "Theory of dispersion-managed optical solitons," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 50, 83, 2005.

    13. Shwetanshumala, S., A. Biswas, and S. Konar, "Dynamically stable super-gaussian solitons in semiconductor doped glass fibers," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 20, 901, 2006.

    14. Kurtz, K., "Suppression of fiber nonlinearity by appropriate dispersion management," IEEE Photonics Technology Letts., Vol. 5, 1250, 1993.

    15. Tkach, R. W., A. R. Chraplyvy, F. Forghieri, A. H. Gnanck, and R. M. Derosier, "4-photon mixing and high speed WDM systems," J. Lightwave Technolo., Vol. 13, 841, 1995.

    16. Smith, N. J., W. Forysiak, and N. J. Doran, "Reduced Gordon Haus jitter due to enhanced power solitons in strongly dispersion managed system," Electronics Letts., Vol. 32, 2085, 1996.

    17. Hasegawa, A. and Y. Kodama, "Guiding centre solitons in optical fibers," Optics Letts., Vol. 15, 1443, 1990.

    18. Kodama, Y., A. Maruta, and A Hasegawa, "Long distance communications with solitons," Quantum Optics, Vol. 6, 463, 1994.

    19. Hirooka, T., T. Nakada, and A. Hasegawa, "Feasibility of densly dispersion managed soliton transmission at 160Gb/s," IEEE Trans. Photonics Tech. Letts., Vol. 12, 633, 2000.

    20. Richardson, L. J., W. Forysiak, and N. J. Doran, "Dispersion managed solitons propagation in short period dispersion maps," Optics Letts., Vol. 25, 1010, 2000.

    21. Maruta, A., Y. Yamamoto, S. Okamoto, A. Suzuki, T. Morita, A. Agata, and A. Hasegawa, "Effectiveness of densly dispersion managed solitons in ultrahigh speed transmission," Electron. Letts., Vol. 36, 1947, 2000.

    22. Tchofo Dinda, P., A. B. Moubissi, and K. Nakkeeran, "Collective variable theory for optical solitons in fibers," Phys. Rev. E, Vol. 64, 016608, 2001.

    23. Agrawal, G. P., Nonlinear Fiber Optics, Academic Press, San Diego, 1995.

    24. Anderson, D., "Variational approach to nonlinear pulse propagation in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A, Vol. 27, 3135, 1983.

    25. Konar, S. and S. Jana, "Linear and nonlinear propagation of sinh- Gaussian pulses in dispersive media possessing Kerr nonlinearity," Optics Communication, Vol. 236, 7, 2004.

    26. Biswas, A., "Dispersion managed solitons in optical fibers," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt., Vol. 4, 84-97, 2002.

    27. Mookherjee, S. and A. Yariv, "Hamiltonian dynamics of breathers with third order dispersion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, Vol. 18, 1150-1155, 2001.

    28. Liao, Z. M. and G. P. Agrawal, "High bit rate soliton transmission using distributed amplification and dispersion management," IEEE Photonics Tech. Letts., Vol. 11, 818, 1999.

    29. Poutrina, E. and G. P. Agrawal, "Timing jitter in dispersion managed soliton systems with distributed, lumped and hybrid amplification," J. Lightwave Technol., Vol. 29, 790, 2002.

    30. Yu, T., E. A. Glovchenko, A. N. Pilipetski, and C. R. Menyuk, "Dispersion managed soliton interactions in optical fibers," Opt. Letts., Vol. 22, 793, 1997.