Vol. 52

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues
2004-12-13

Possible Electromagnetic Nature of the Saturn's Rings: Superconductivity and Magnetic Levitation

By Vladimir Tchernyi and Andrew Pospelov
Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 52, 277-299, 2005
doi:10.2528/PIER04082801

Abstract

Hypothesis of possible superconductivity of the iced matter of the rings of Saturn (based on the data of Voyager and Pioneer space missions) allow us to explain many phenomena which have not been adequately understood earlier. By introducing into planetary physics the force of magnetic levitation of the superconducting iced particle of the rings, which interact with the magnetosphere of the planet, it becomes possible to explain the origin, evolution, and dynamics of the rings; to show how the consequent precipitation of the rings' matter upon the planet was concluded; how the rings began their rotation; how they were compressed by the magnetic field into the thin disc, and how this disc was fractured into hundreds of thousands of separated rings; why in the ring B do exist "spokes"; why magnetic field lines have distortion near by ring F; why there is a variable azimuth brightness of the ring A; why the rings reflected radio waves so efficiently; why there exists strong electromagnetic radiation of the rings in the 20,4 kHz-40,2 MHz range and Saturnian kilometric radiation; why there is anomalous reflection of circularly polarized microwaves; why there are spectral anomalies of the thermal radiation of the rings; why the matter of the various rings does not mix but preserves its small-scale color differences; why there is an atmosphere of unknown origin nearby the rings of Saturn; why there are waves of density and bending waves within Saturn's rings; why planetary rings in the solar system appear only after the Belt of Asteroids (and may be the Belt of Asteroids itself is a ring for the Sun); why our planet Earth has no rings of its own.

Citation

 (See works that cites this article)
Vladimir Tchernyi and Andrew Pospelov, "Possible Electromagnetic Nature of the Saturn's Rings: Superconductivity and Magnetic Levitation," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 52, 277-299, 2005.
doi:10.2528/PIER04082801
http://jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=0408281

References


    1. Maxwell, J. C., S. G. Brush, C. W. F. Everitt, and E. Garber (eds.), Maxwell on Saturn's Rings, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1983.

    2. Esposito, L. W., J. N. Cuzzi, J. B. Holberg, E. A. Marouf, G. L. Tyler, and C. C. Porco, "Saturn's rings, structure, dynamics and particle properties," Saturn, 463-545, 1984.

    3. Smith, B. A., et al., "A new look at the Saturn system: The Voyager 2 images," Science, Vol. 215, 504-537, 1982.

    4. Mendis, D. A., J. R. Hill, W. H. Ip, C. K. Goertz, and E. Grun, "Electrodynamics processes in the ring system of Saturn," Saturn, 546-589, 1984.

    5. Gor'kavyi, N. N. and A. M. Fridman, Physics of the Planetary Rings: Celestial Mechanics of Continuous Medium, 348, 1994.

    6. Brahic, A. (ed.), Planetary Rings, 768, Copadues, Toulouse, 1984.

    7. Greenberg, R. and A. Brahic (eds.), Planetary Rings, 784, Univ. of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1984.

    8. Safronov, V. S., Evolution of Protoplanet Cloud and Formation of the Earth and Planets, Nauka, 1969.

    9. Goldstein, R. M. and G. A. Morris, Radar Observations of the Rings of Saturn, Vol. 20, 249-283, Vol. 20, 249-283, Icarus, 1973.

    10. Kaiser, M. L., V. D. Desch, and A. Lecacheus, "Saturnian kilometric radiation: statistical properties and beam geometry," Nature, Vol. 292, 731-733, 1981.
    doi:10.1038/292731a0

    11. Bliokh, A. N. and V. V. Yaroshenko, "'Spokes' in the rings of Saturn," Nature (Russian), No. 4, 19-25, 1991.

    12. Barsoum, M., D. Patten, and S. Tyagi, "Magnetic separation of high Tc powders," Proc. of the Superconductor Symp. 90th Ann. Mtg. of Amer. Ceramic. Soc., 1988.

    13. Maeno, N., "Science about ice," (translated from Japanese), 1988.

    14. Blum, E. J. and A. O. Tsebers, "Magnetic liquids. News in life, science, and engineering: physics," Znanie (Russian), No. 4, 1989.

    15. Rose-Innes, A. C. and E. H. Rhoderick, "Introduction to superconductivity," Mir (Russian), 1972.

    16. Landau, L. D. and E. M. Lifshits, "Electrodynamics of continuous medium," Nauka (Russian), 1982.

    17. Langenberg, D. N., D. J. Scalapino, and B. N. Taylor, "The Josephson phenomenon," Scientific American, Vol. 214, No. 5, 1966.

    18. Pospelov, A. Yu. and V. V. Tchernyi, "Electromagnetic properties material forecast in the planet rings by the methods of functionally physical analysis," Proc. of the International Scientific-Methodical Conference on Innovative Design in Education, 75-77, 1995.

    19. Pospelov, A. Yu., V. V. Tchernyi, and S. V. GirichV. V. Tchernyi, and S. V. Girich, ``a) Planet's rings: superdiamagnetic model and new course of investigations, '' Proc. of SPIE 42nd Annual Meeting. Smal l Spacecraft, Space Environments and Instrumentation Technologies, Vol. 3116, 117-128, San Diego, Are Saturn's rings superconducting?, PIERS, 5-14, 2000.

    20. Girich, S. V., A. Yu. Pospelov, and V. V. Tchernyi, "Radar data explanation via super-diamagnetic model of Saturn's rings," The 30th Annual Meeting of the AAS Division of Planetary Sciences, Vol. 30, 1998.